Wheat is mainly composed of carbohydrates, but also has moderate amounts of protein. Also, it is a good source of several vitamins and minerals. Available energy expressed as either digestible energy (DE) or metabolizable energy (ME) is higher per unit of dry matter (DM) relative to corn, than other major grains.
Based on fluctuations in commodity pricing, wheat may become attractive in ruminant diets, replacing a portion of corn and barley in rations. Traditionally, the milling of wheat produces flour for human use and appreciable quantities of by-products for animal feeds.